A Technological Revolution
A technological revolution So many new technologies have appeared in the past half-century that it's impossible to list them all. But these 10 high-tech breakthroughs stand out over the last 50 years because they've revolutionized the way Americans live. We look back at their beginnings, as well as where they've taken place today.
1. The internet: this one seems like a no-brainer, but the net's unique strength is that no two people will agree on why it's so important. The world's largest and most unruly library, kids also a global news channel, social club, research archive, shopping service, Townhall.
2. Genetic engineering: everyone knows Watson and Crick, who unraveled the screen of DNA in 1953.
3. Digital media: "the camera doesn't lie" when it is saying not heard much since the release of Photoshop 1.0 in 1990. Digitized audio, pictures, movies, and text. Just as important, digital media can be copied over and over nearly for free, stored permanently without fading, and sent around the world in seconds. It's rightly worrying about the movie and music industries.
4. Personal computers: before IBM recast the desktops computer from hobbyist's gadget to office automation tool in 1983. A "minicomputer" was the size of a washing machine and required a special air-conditioned room. They could use them to play games, keep diaries, and trade messages with friends across the country, while still looking busy.
5. Space flight: Americans from 50 years ago would be disappointed to learn we never went further than the moon -- no Mars colony, no 2001 odyssey to Jupiter, no speed-of-light spaceships. Even the shuttle is in trouble. But the space race against the Russian that dominated the national psyche (and a good chunk of the budget) in the '60s and '70s pushed the development of hundreds of enabling technologies, including synthetic fibers and integrated computer circuits, necessary to fly men to the moon and back.
6. Mobile phones: the idea of cellular phone service dates back to least to 1947, but the first call was made from the sidewalk outside the Manhattan Hilton in 1973 by Martin Cooper. Thirty years later, more than half of all Americans on 1 and cellular networks are beginning to serve internet access to broadband speeds through thin air.
7. Nuclear power: when the queen herself threw the switch on the world's first atomic Power planet at Calder hall outside London in 1979, nuclear reactors were seen as a source of cheap, pollution-free energy. Nonetheless, the United States today has about 100 active planets that generate 20 percent of the country's electricity and second only to call as the source of power and have been steadily increasing their capacity.
8. Electronic funds transfer: the federal reserve Bank of San Francisco set up a paperless transfer system with the Los Angeles branch in 1972. By the end of the decade, instantaneous transfers of millions of dollars in value between banks, insurance companies, and other financial institutes had become common.
9. Robots and artificial intelligence: the robotics has its origins in the ancient world. The modern concept began to be developed with the one's onset of the industrial revolution, which allowed the use of complex machines, this made it possible to power machines with small compact motors. In the early 20th century.
10. Organ transplants: in 1954. Dr. Joseph Murray removed the kidney from one human patient and implanted it in another. The reception accepted the kidney as it's on rather than rejecting it is a foreign body.