A cancer specialist once told me, "If I had to choose a cancer for myself ... I would choose prostate cancer."
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men. However, the death rate is only 10 percent.
To understand prostate cancer, it is important to understand its structure. The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system. The fluid that comes out of it forms semen. It occurs below the bladder and behind the anus. This gland surrounds the urethra, which secretes urine and semen. Due to its large size, the urethra is suppressed. One of the symptoms of this is frequent urination or involuntary urination. It is also common to complain of erection.
A healthy bladder is like a walnut. However, its size increases with age. Therefore, bladder enlargement is not necessarily due to cancer. Bladder size can increase not only with increasing age but also with BPH or eggplant prostatic hyperplasia. BPH is a common disease that can be treated with surgery.
Men under the age of 40 have a lower risk of developing prostate cancer. However, this risk increases rapidly after the age of fifty. Sixty percent of cases of this cancer are in people over the age of 65.
There is no way to prevent or control the risks of this cancer.
It is an inherited disease. If someone's father or brother has the disease, the risk for such a person is doubled.
Symptoms of prostate cancer usually appear until the disease has fully spread. For example, one of the earliest symptoms of this cancer is back pain, which occurs when the cancer has reached the bones. When its size puts pressure on the spinal cord, it often causes pain in the legs.
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The growth rate of prostate cancer is extremely slow.
The process of diagnosing it is very simple. Two tests are performed for this purpose. The first prostate specific antigen (PSA) is a blood test. The second is digital rectal examination (DRE) in which the physician estimates the size of the bladder gland by inserting a finger.
Bypasses are taken to reach the final result.
In the United States, 99% of people with prostate cancer live for five years.
Treatment of bladder cancer depends on the stage of the cancer or the extent to which the disease has spread throughout the body. Some patients are treated with surgery, but others undergo surgery as well as chemotherapy, radiotherapy and even hormonal therapy.
Along with the good news, timing is also a very important factor. This is why the symptoms of prostate cancer should be diagnosed as soon as possible so that treatment is possible.