Koh-i-Noor part (4)
After the invasion of Delhi in 1739 by Afshrid Shah, Nadir Shah of Persia, the treasury of the Mughal Empire was looted by his army in an organized and complete acquisition of the wealth of the Mughal emperors. Along with millions of rupees and a variety of historical jewelry, Shah also took Koh-i-Noor. When he achieved the famous mountain, he introduced "Koh Noor", Persian and Urdu as "Mountain of Light". One of its ports said, "If a strong man throws four stones - one north, one south, one east, one west, and a fifth stone into the air - and if the space between them is filled with gold." Not all mountains are equal to the value of light.
After the assassination of Nadir Shah in 1747 and the overthrow of his empire, Koh-i-Noor fell to his grandson, who in return for his support in 1751, gave it to Ahmad Shah Durrani, the founder of the Afghan Empire. Shuja Shah Durrani, one of the descendants of, wore a Koh-i-Noor bracelet on the occasion of Mountstart Elphinstone's Peshawar in 1808 - a year later, Shuja defended Britain against a possible invasion of Afghanistan by Russia. Formed an alliance to help. He was soon overthrown, but fled with the diamond to Lahore, where Ranjit Singh, the founder of the Sikh Empire, insisted on giving the jewel in return for his hospitality, and he ordered it in 1813. I took possession.
Occupied by Ranjit Singh
Ranjit Singh inspected the diamond through Lahore jewelery for two days to make sure that Shuja had not betrayed him. After Jawaharlal confirmed his veracity, he gave Shuja Rs. 125,000. Ranjit Singh then asked the principal jewelers of Amritsar to estimate the value of the diamond. Jewelry announced that the value of diamonds is "far greater than all counts". Ranjit Singh then fixed the diamond in front of his turban, and tied it to the elephant so that its subjects could see the diamond. They wore it like an arm during major festivals like Diwali and Dussehra and took it with them on the journey. He will show it to prominent visitors, especially British officials.
One day, Ranjit Singh asked the former owners of the diamond - Shuja and his wife Wafa Begum - to estimate its value. Wafa Begum replied that if a strong man threw stones vertically in four cardinal directions, Koh-i-Noor would be worth more than the gold and precious stones in the place. Ranjit Singh became baseless about the theft of Koh-i-Noor, because in the past, another valuable piece of jewelery was stolen from him while intoxicated. He kept the diamond inside a high security facility at Gobandgarh Fort when it was not in use. When the diamond was to be taken away, it was placed on a camel with a pillow. The caravan included 39 other camels with identical cheese. The diamond was always placed immediately behind the guards on the first camel, but the secret was kept very high that the camel carried it. Only Ranjit Singh's treasurer, Mr. Bailey Ram, knew which camel had taken the diamond.
In June 1839, Ranjit Singh suffered his third stroke, and it became clear that he would soon die. After his death, he began donating his valuables to religious charities, and appointed his eldest son, Kharak Singh, as his successor. One day before his death, on June 26, 1839, a great debate arose among his courtiers over the fate of Koh-i-Noor. Ranjit Singh himself was very weak in speaking, and communicated through gestures. Ranjit Singh's chief Brahmin, Bhai Gobind Ram, insisted that the king had lit the Koh-i-Noor and other ornaments at the Jagannath temple in Puri: It is written Ummah al-Tawarikh. However, Treasurer Bailey Ram insisted that it was state property rather than Ranjit Singh's personal property, and therefore, it should be handed over to Kharak Singh.
After Ranjit Singh's death, Bailey Ram refused to send the diamond to the temple, and hid it in his wallet. Meanwhile, Kharak Singh and Prime Minister Dhyan Singh had also issued orders stating that the diamond should not be taken out of Lahore