Rani-ki-Vav, or the 'queens stepwell’ is located in Gujarat’s Patan city.
It is believed to have been built by Rani Udayamati, in memory of her husband Bhimdev I, the founder of the Solanki dynasty of Patan. The construction began in 1063 A.D. and continued for several years. The Vav was later flooded by the Saraswati River and silted over until 1960s, when it was excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India. It is estimated that Vav had nearly 800 sculptures of which approximately 500 are found in pristine condition. It is an architectural marvel so famous that it made it to the new ₹100 currency note last year. This 11th century subterranean water storage system happens to also be a World Heritage Site. Rani-ki-Vav is a highly decorated monument with ornamented panels of sculptures and reliefs representing the height of Maru-Gurjara style of architecture. Most of the sculptures are in devotion of Vishnu, in the forms of Dashavatar, with eye-catching images of Varaha, Narasimha, Rama and Kalki. There is a particularly beautiful statue of Mahishasur-Mardini -the Mother Goddess slaying demon Mahishasur. Apsaras – the celestial beauties showcasing 16 different styles of makeup (Solah Singar) is another highlight.