Seven great sages of ancient India
August 26, 2020, 10:39 PM IST
1. Kashyap Rishi
Kashyap Rishi is one of the Seven Saptarshis in Hinduism. Kashyapa is son of Marichi (father) Kala(mother) Sage Kashyapa or Kashyapa is said to be the wish-born-son of Lord Brahma. Kashyapa Maharshi along with the other 6 rishis helped Lord Brahmadev in the creation of earth. Sage Kashyapa is regarded as the father of the Devas, Asuras, Nagas and all of humanity. The vahana or Vishnu, Garuda is the son of Kashyap. The famous ancient scripture Kashyap Samhita or Braddha Jivakiya Tantra was written by Kashyapa Rishi.which is considered, a classical reference book on Ayurveda especially in the fields of Ayurvedic pediatrics, gynaecology and obstetrics.
Kashyapa sage had married the 13 out of 60 daughters of Prajapati Daksha
- Spouse: Aditi, Diti, Kadru, Danu, Arishta, Surasa, Surabhi, Vinata, Tamra, Krodhavasha, Ira, Khasa, Muni
1.Aditi’s son's were the twelve gods known as the adityas. Their names were Vishnu, Shakra, Aryama, Dhata, Vidhata, Tvashta, Pusha, Vivasvana, Savita, Mitravaruna, Amsha and Bhaga.
2.Diti’s sons were the daityas (demons). They were named Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakshipu, and amongst their descendants were several other powerful daityas like Vali and Vanasura. Diti also had a daughter named Simhika who was married to a danava (demon) named Viprachitti. Their offsprings were terrible demons like Vatapi, Namuchi, Ilvala, Maricha and the nivatakavachas.
3.Danu had hundred sons came to be known as danavas. The danavas were thus cousins to the daityas and also to the adityas. In the danava line were born demons like the poulamas and kalakeyas.
4.Arishta’s sons were the gandharvas (singers of heaven).Surasa gave birth to the snakes (sarpa).
5.Khasa’s children were the yakshas (demi-gods who were the companions of Kubera, the god of wealth) and the rakshasas (demons).
7.Surabhi’s descendants were cows and buffaloes.
8.Vinata had two sons named Aruna and Garuda became the king of the birds.
9.Tamara had six daughters. From these daughters were born owls, eagles, vultures, crows, water-fowl, horses, camels and donkeys.
10.Krodhavasha had fourteen thousand children known as nagas (snakes).
11.Ila gave birth to flora: trees, creepers, shrubs and bushes.
12.Kadru’s sons were also known as nagas or snakes. Among the more important of Kadru’s sons were Ananta, Vasuki, Takshaka and Nahusha.
13. Muni gave birth to the apsaras (dancers of heaven)
2. Atri Rishi
Atri is a great sage. He is one of the Manasputra, the mind-born sons of Brahma. Atri is also a Saptarishi, the seven great sages. His wife is Anasuya. Atri is credited with composing many hymns on Vedic gods such as Indra and Agni. The fifth Mandala of the Rig Veda, Atri Mandala, is named after Sage Atri.
Atri started performing severe penance. With all this penance, Atri came to the level of Rajarishi. After more penance, he became of Maharishi. Even more penance made him a Devarishi. In the end, his penance was so severe that he became a Brahmarishi, the highest class of rishis. Since he became a Brahmarishi, he attained Brahma Jnana, the knowledge of Atma. In the Ramayana, during their exile, Rama, Lakshmana, and Sita visited Sage Atri and Anasuya’s ashram. They reached the hermitage and offered salutations to Atri and Anasuya. Atri urged Sita to meet Anasuya. Anasuya instructs Sita how to be a devoted wife. She also talks about the roles and responsibilities of a wife
- Spouse:: Anasuya
- Sons: Chandra, Durvasa, Dattatreya
- Parents: Brahma (father)
Bharadwaja, also referred to as Guru: Bharadwaja, Bṛhaspatya, was one of the revered Vedic sages (maharishi) in Ancient India, who was a renowned scholar, economist and an eminent physician. His contributions to the ancient Indian literature, mainly in Puranas and Rig Veda, played a significant role in giving an insight to the then Indian society. He and his family of students are considered the authors of the sixth book of the Rigveda. Bharadwaja was father of warrior Dhronacharya main character in Mahabharata who was an instructor to both Pandava and Kaurava princes. He was the grandfather of Ashwatthama, a legendary warrior in Mahabharata. Both Dhronacharya and Ashwatthama fought in different battles of Mahabharata alongside Kauravas. Bharadwaja is also mentioned in Charaka Samhita, an authoritative ancient Indian medical text.
Bharadwaja Brhaspati is the progenitor of the Bharadwaja family and the family is attributed as the composers of Sixth Mandala of the Rigveda. Mandala 6 is known as the Bharadwaja Family Book as all its 75 hymns are composed by a member of this family over several centuries Sage Bharadwaja was a sage of the Vedic times. He attained extraordinary scholarship. He had the great power of meditation. He is also the author of Ayurveda. His Ashram still exists at the holy Prayag
- Spouse: Susheela
- Children: Drona; Garga; Ilavida; Katyayani
- Parents: Brhaspati (father); Tara (mother)
4. Vasishta Rishi
Sage Vasishta is one of the Saptarishis and Raj guru of the Suryavamsha or Solar Dynasty. He was the manasaputra of Brahma. Initially, Vasishta acted as the priest for whole of the Suryavamsha, but often he had altercation with 'Nimi', he quit all the other branches of the Suryavamsha and he made his hermitage near Ayodhya and acted as a priest only for 'Raghuvamsha' (descendant of Raghu).Whenever a famine occurred or there was no rainfall in Ayodhya, he came to the rescue of the subjects by the powers achieved from penance. He also saved the people of Ayodhya from any danger When sage Bhagiratha was unsuccessful in his attempts to bring the Ganges from heaven to earth, Sage Vasishta was the one who gave him a mantra with which he succeeded. When king Dileep wanted a son for a long time, Vasishta asked him to serve the 'Nandini' cow as a result of which he became a father.Vasishta also wrote a leaflet named as the Vasishta Smriti and the leaflet was written on dharma righteousness. He also composed another treatise named the Vasishta Ramayana. Vasishta had the belief that the divine and individual efforts were very necessary for achieving anything in this world. According to him, the habit of laziness is actually a disease that is responsible to bring unhappiness in a man’s life He was a man of peace. He had conquered desire and anger. His Ashram needed great quantities of milk, curds and ghee for the feeding of thousands of his disciples, guests and performance of sacrifices regularly. Devendra had gifted to Vasishta a divine cow, having admired his generosity and performance of sacrifices. The cow was called Nandini. She was the daughter of Kamadhenu. Since it was a divine cow it had extra ordinary powers. The Ashram got plenty of milk and ghee from this cow. Since it had moonlike patches all over the body, it was also called 'Shabala.' The word mean many-coloured
- Spouse: Arundhati
- Children :: Sakti Maharṣi and hundered other
- Parents: mother was Apsara "Urvashi" and father was Mitra–Varuna
5. vishwamitra Rishi
Vishwamitra is also one of the Saptarishis. he composed the Gayathri Mantra. He was a king before he became a sage and later became a sage after attaining enlightenment through penance. Vishwamitra, who is a significant character in Valmiki's Ramayana, is the arranger of the third Mandala of the Rig Veda. The ground-breaking Gayathri Mantra is said to have been found by him. Prior to getting one of the Saptarishis, Vishwamitra was a Chandravanshi lord named of Kaushika of Kanyakubja.. Vishwamitra loved to hunt in the jungle
- Spouse: Haimavati, Menaka
- Sons: 104 Sons, Daughter Shakuntala
- Parents: Gaadhi (Father)
6. Gautama Rishi
Gautama, a relative of Sage Angirasa, is accepted to have written different hymns in the main Mandala of the Rig Veda. The waterway Godavari and the Trayambakeshwar Shiva Linga of Nashik are related with Gautama Rishi, who performed exceptional compensation to please Lord Shiva. Gautama Rishi is known as the discoverer of Mantras, or mantra-drashtaa. In the Rig Veda there are several suktas or hymns attributed to Gautama Maharishi, and the hymn 'Bhadra' in the Sama Veda is also attributed to him. The 4th book of Rig Veda is that of the Vamadeva Gautama family.
- Parents: Dirghatamas (father)
- Spouse: Ahalya
- Son’s: Shatananda and Nodhas
7. Jamadagini Rishi
Jamdagni Rishi is another of the Great Sages included among the Saptarishis in the seventh Sage Jamadagni was a Brahmaṇa by birth and he belonged to the lineage of Sage Bhṛgu,one of the Prajapatis created by Lord Brahma. He was the son of Sage Rucika and Satyavati, the daughter of the Kṣatriya (warrior) king Gadhi. He fathered five sons, the youngest of whom was Parasurama, the sixth incarnation of Lord Viṣhṇu. The wise sage was well versed in the Vedas and the art of weaponry. He never had a formal instruction on these but acquired the knowledge of all these by himself. He was an ardent devotee of Lord Siva ,Jamadagni once became annoyed with the sun god Surya for making too much heat. The warrior-sage shot several arrows into the sky, terrifying Surya. Surya then appeared before the rishi as a Brahmin and gave him two inventions that helped mankind deal with his heat - sandals and an umbrella
- Children: Vasu, Viswa Vasu, Brihudyanu, Brutwakanwa and Bhadrarama, later known as Parshurama.
- Parents: Richik Muni (father); Satyavati (mother) ...
- Spouse: Renuka